The Art Nouveau flourished in the period from about 1890 to 1910. The new art movement derived its name from the Munich art magazine "Die Jugend" and became known outside of Germany under the name "Art Nouveau". As the name implies, Art Nouveau had the reputation of being a young, modern art movement at that time.
The Art Nouveau took first bond in the English "Arts and Craft" movement. In the age of increasing industrialization and mass production, "Arts and Craft" attempted to preserve the craft tradition at the beginning of the twentieth century. The artists sought to integrate art into everyday life. Art and aesthetics should be present and experienced in everyday life of humans, they should form a unity. The craft was seen as functional, but should also have the aesthetics of a work of art. Crafts should be fun for both craftsmen and consumers.
The art movement of Art Nouveau was expressed in furniture design, architecture, painting and sculpture as well as in the production of sculptures, jewelery and glassware. Exterior features of the Art Nouveau style are decorative flowing lines, floral ornaments, geometric shapes and the use of symbolic forms. Here nature is a role model and stylistic device alike. From their imitation, the young artists derived forms, flowing lines and ornaments. Animals such as lion, owl or eagle were used as symbols and stood for a specific goal or a virtue based on historical figures.
The artists of Art Nouveau let themselves be inspired by past art epochs, without directly imitating them. Thus, the Art Nouveau style differs significantly from the "historicism", a style that simultaneously exerted significant influence on art history.
Among the various groupings within the Art Nouveau style, the Vienna Secession occupies a prominent place. "Time their art - art their freedom." This is how it stands above the portal of the Secession, the famous building of Viennese Art Nouveau that gave the group its name. Important painters such as Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, but also architects and designers, created magnificent works that are still admired all over the world.